The importance of a NIST rating

10 very good reasons you should know your NIST score!

NIST is not new.
In fact it has been around since its first iteration in 2014.
The National Institute for Science and Technology (NIST) developed a cybersecurity rating system to make it easy for any organisation to show where they are in protecting their digital information, systems and organisation.
Like other frameworks, and there are a few, it has its good points and bad.  One of its better points is that it is easy to implement although it can be a little labour intensive to start off.
The most important part is that it is a standard.  A standard figure that any business can compare with any other business, no matter the size, who they are or where they are located.
NIST is not a competition.   It is just a rating system, but it does become competative, both internally and external.
It is a way for any organisation to compare its cybersecurity capability internally as well as a standard for anyone else who may ask for it in the process of doing business.
It allows management to make decisions on who and how they want to do business with other organisations.
This framework is based on 5 areas of expertice: identify, detect, protect, respond and recover.
Each area of expertice has a number of questions and each question has a range of predetermined responses.   The answers are scored ranging from 0 (nothing is in place) to 4 (a process is inplace, used at all times and supported and signed off by management).   Once all the questions have been answered the score is talied up and devided by the number of questions (98).
This gives everyone a score beteen 0 and 4.
Most organisations when first questioned come in under 1.   Still it is not a competition, so this is your start point.

1 – NIST is easy to understand

Every organisation can have a NIST score, it takes a couple of hours to sit down and honestly answer the 98 questions.   This gives everyone the ability to have a starting point in protecting their organisation from a cyber event.

2 – NIST can be used to compare with others in your industry and across all industries

When it comes to camparing one NIST rating to another it is easy.   If your score is 2.8 and you want to do business or a joint venture with another organisation who has a NIST score of under 1 then you need to be able to manage the risk associated with that score.

3 – You can use your score to track your progress

If your original NIST score is 1.2 and you have upgraded your technology, implemented policies and added proceedures then your NIST score will start to increase.   For every change for the better that you put in place it increases your score.   Small infremental changes that have a big impact on your protection in the digital world.

4 – NIST is Objective

We all have an opinion and we all look at life differently.   NIST takes this into account and delivers an objective view of your business.   The 98 questions are designed to apply objectivity to a sometimes subjective decision.

5 – A NIST Score is credible

Giving every organisation the ability to compare their cyber event capability on a level playing field means that you are comparing apples with other apples.   You get a true rating of your cyber risk visibility.   It also weeds out the unscruptious who think that can bluff their way through the world.

6 – NIST shows your cyber event risk

The difference between a rating of 1 and a rating of 3 is very different.   A rating of 3 means that the risk of a cyber event is greatly reduced.   Greatly reduced, faster recovered from and easier managed.

7 – Your NIST score is easy to understand

If the policy within your organisation is to only do business with organisations that have a NiST rating above 2 you have an understanding that the information that is going to go between the organisations is correctly managed.

8 – NIST is community based

There is a huge community that is starting to use the NIST rating as a measure for their cyber event resilience.   They are there to help and best of all they have been there and done that.

9 – NIST adapts to the future

One of the best things about NIST is that in will handle the changes that are on the horizon.   they will handle those changes not because the changes are known, no one knows them, but because it is a framework designed to protect your organisation.   That framework allows an organisation to adapt its protection no matter what the changes are.
Not many people predicted the impact of social, mobile and IOT but it didn’t matter with a NIST environment because all you had to do was ADAPT to the changes.

10 – NIST gives your business a competitive advantage.

Any advantage in business is better than no advantage but the advantage that NIST gives to an organisation can be significant.   NIST allows an organisation to develop policies and procedure that can be deployed within the organisation that predicts how other organisations will interact with it.   In addition it allows an organisation to make management decisions based on fact.   Nist can also be used in the marketing of the security around your organisation.
Management has now got a scientific way of managing the internal and external risk to the organisation in the digital and cyber arenas.  This allows them to make objective based decisions, create systematic policies and invest in the right technologies to protect the organisation.
NIST is also great at weeding out those people that you are going to do business and organisation that are looking to do business with you.   A NIST rating allows you to manage who you are going to do business with.
If management has a policy of only doing business with organisations that have a NIST rating above 2.5 it means that information passed to that organisation is going to be secured in the same way and with similar protective practices that you have in place.
So what is your NIST rating?
Contact me: to discuss your cyber risk and business security
If you want to know more then come to one of the Business Security Intensive Workshops in a city near you.   https://www.business-security.com.au/intensive
Roger Smith is a highly respected expert in the fields of cybercrime and business security and is a Lecturer at ADFA (UNSW – Australian Centre of Cybersecurity) on Cybercime, Cybersecurity and the hacking techniques used by the digital criminal.   
He is an Amazon #1 selling author on Cybercrime with his best selling book, Cybercrime a clear and present danger, going to number one in 3 sections of Amazon.   
He is the primary presenter for the Business Security Intensive (BSI) and author of the Digital Security Toolbox which is given away for free at the BSI.   He is a speaker, author, teacher and educator on Cybercrime and an expert on how to protect yourself, your staff, your clients and your intelectual propert from the digital world.

Cybersecurity is all about Infosec!

“Using smart technology is not smart unless infosec procedures are set in place.” Laith Alkhouri

We are inundated with shiny and new.

The newest mobile device, the newest computer, the newest operating system, the newest application or apps, all that newness.

All of that smart technology!

Individuals and organisations often forget, in the rush to get things to market, the first reiteration of shiny and new can have some serious flaws and issues.

We forget it too!

Going back a couple of years when everyone was jumping on the band wagon of “you need an app for that“, some of the NFL teams released apps for you to track you favorite team, keep up with the stats and buy their merchandise.

They forgot that a financial transaction needed access to either credit card information or bank account details.   These transactions were in plain text in transmission as well as when stored on the device.

No encryption.

If you purchased that jumper then you had a really good chance of having your financial details stolen.

To stop themselves from being sued they put all of the onus on everyone using the system through a comprehensive waiver.   You agreed to the terms and conditions probably without realising it, you agreed when you installed the app.

The way all of the software companies manage their apps are the same.   You want to use the app then it is your problem because you agreed to the terms and conditions.

The legal beagles have not caught up with this yet.   As a user, are we not entitled to have some semblance of security and safety when using a product.

Are we not entitled to sue someone when using their product and something happens?

When did that change?

I suggest that when you install your next app that you have a look at the terms and conditions before you say yes.   In most cases you have no rights what so ever if something is stolen, according to them.

Oh look something shiny and new, I just have to have it!

 

Roger Smith is a highly respected expert in the fields of cybercrime and business security and is a Lecturer at ADFA (UNSW – Australian Centre of Cybersecurity) on Cybercime, Cybersecurity and the hacking techniques used by the digital criminal.   He is an Amazon #1 selling author on Cybercrime with his best selling book, Cybercrime a clear and present danger, going to number one in 3 sections of Amazon.   He is the primary presenter for the Business Security Intensive (BSI) and author of the Digital Security Toolbox which is given away for free at the BSI.   He is a speaker, author, teacher and educator on Cybercrime and an expert on how to protect yourself, your staff, your clients and your intellectual property from the digital world.

What is the difference between a Penetration Test and a vulnerability scan?

Ransomware for Medical devices – what happens then?

One of the biggest problems with our bright new shiny digital world is everything we do or use today has some level of digital components.
We know that everyday computers, smart devices, mobile devices and gaming platforms, are digital in nature.
We forget that Fitbits, Internet of Things devices and medical devices also have some level of digital incorporated into them.
So what happens to these devices if they become infected with malware, even worse if that malware is a ransomware.
If I had a pacemaker installed in my body and the medical staff lost control of it (that is what malware and Ransomware does, removes their control and gives it to someone else) I think that I would get a little panicky.

Definitely a WTF moment.

Most medical devices are either WiFi or blue tooth enabled.   That makes them relatively easy to break into.
Researchers have been looking at compromising medical devices and in 2015 there were 25 known vulnerabilities in some of the most popular devices.   What about the unknown ones, how many of them were there?
We all saw what happened with IOT devices when Mirai was released on the internet late 2016.   It compromised a certain level of device that had a hard coded username and password in the system.
We also saw what happens when the wannacry ransomware hit and the fall out from that in May 2017.

Now imagine a wannacry variant that targets your pacemaker.   “Give us $1000 or we stuff around with your heart!”  That would certainly make your life pretty interesting.
What’s to stop it happening?   Whats to stop it happening right now?
I keep coming back to people taking responsibility for the code they write.   I think we need to have a serious look at our new and shiny world and do something about it.  Before it is too late and people start dying!

We need to think things through.

Think like the bad guys.
Oh, and before you say “why would they target my pacemaker?” In most cases it is because they can.
Roger Smith is a highly respected expert in the fields of cybercrime and business security and is a Lecturer at ADFA (UNSW – Australian Centre of Cybersecurity) on Cybercime, Cybersecurity and the hacking techniques used by the digital criminal.
He is an Amazon #1 selling author on Cybercrime with his best selling book, Cybercrime a clear and present danger, going to number one in 3 sections of Amazon.   
He is the primary presenter for the Business Security Intensive (BSI) and author of the Digital Security Toolbox which is given away for free at the BSI
He is a speaker, author, teacher and educator on Cybercrime and an expert on how to protect yourself, your staff, your clients and your intellectual property from the digital world.


What is the difference between a Penetration Test and a vulnerability scan?

Duty of Care in a cybercrime world!

We are all connected in today’s world through the invisible and mostly unknown world of the internet.
We practically do everything in “cyber” space.   From ordering food, organizing a date to storing our whole lives in bits and bytes.
Email, social media, web and mobility are all driving our world.
Everything is connected to the internet!
So who is responsible for making sure all that information, all of those little bits of information is safe.
Is it the person who supplies that information?
Is the organisation collecting it and storing it?
Is it the Governments responsibility?
We all know that it can’t be the people who are are collecting and storing the information.   The giants of the internet tell us they are just a platform!
We click through all of these legal documents, acceptable use policies, that have been designed to protect them from practically every eventuality.
SME’s don’t have that luxury.   Our reputation is our only constant and we need to keep it safe.   When it comes to SME’s, ask these questions.
What is the difference between a Penetration Test and a vulnerability scan?

What is the difference between a Penetration Test and a vulnerability scan?

If you are collecting that information – What’s your duty of care?   

Have you done everything in your power to protect that information?
Have you done everything to comply with all of those regulatory requirements that make doing business difficult?
To support your clients, customers and staff are you protecting their information?
If you are supplying the information – what is your duty of care?
Have you asked the simple question, how much information am I putting out there.   When I take a photo and upload it to social media have I removed the geo tags.
When I get into a conversation with someone on social media am I checking their “humanness”, are they really that person?
Am I mistrusting everyone, am I paranoid about everything, am I aware of some of the things that can significantly impact my life, both in the real world or in the digital.
These are the questions that we need to ask and here is some advice.
In today’s world have you done this?
  • “TRUST NO ONE”
  • Be aware
  • Get paranoid and
  • Use some common sense.

Roger Smith is the CEO of R & I ICT Consulting Services, Lecturer at ADFA (UNSW – Australian Centre of Cybersecurity), Amazon #1 selling author on Cybercrime, Presenter for the Business Security Intensive, author of the Digital Security Toolbox and Digital Security Framework.   Rapid Restart Appliance Creator.   He is a Speaker, Author, Teacher and Educator on cybercrime and how to protect yourself from the digital world. 

Why do we still believe these 6 idioms about the Internet?

For 25 years the internet has been around.
Since its inception, thanks Tim, we have seen how it can be used for ‘good’, but we have also seen, in the last 10 years, how it can be used for bad, evil and nasty stuff.
The bad utilization is starting to have significant impact on the business world but we still have a number of areas where we do not see the dangers.
These are some of the internet attitudes that we come across constantly:

It will not happen to me

In one word, OK two – automated systems.
The free automated systems that are now available to any bored 14 year old cause major problems for anyone connected to the internet or digital world.

I have anti virus, that’s all I need.

We are constantly shown that most business organisations think in one dimension when talking about the Internet.
The fact that the bad guys and even the automated systems think in a multi faceted approach when it comes to targeting us.   Anti virus will find 95% of attacks and stop about 85%.
That leaves a significant number of areas where AV will not protect you at all

My password is strong enough for me

I was recently watching an interviewer on one of the late night shows that was sent out to the streets to ask people for their passwords.   The ridiculous easy way, in which she got that information, was astounding.
One of the other features to come out of it was people still use dictionary words, personal information, easy to remember sequences.
Passwords have to be complex, unique and more than 9 characters.   Its not easy for you it is easy for them.

I only trust my friends on social media

On my Facebook recently there has been a spate of people who are already my friends asking to hook up on Facebook again.
It can be very difficult making sure that you do not fall for this type of scam

3d people – man person with umbrella and arrows. Protection against problems

I am not rich and famous why would they pick on me

On the Internet everyone has something of value.
Even though you may not have money or access to money, trade secrets or you think your personal information is not important you still have one thing that the cyber criminal considers important.
You have some sort of technology that they can then use to target other people from and hide their attack behind.

Digital security is very expensive

The fundamentals are not.
Use a firewall, use an anti-virus, back everything you consider important up, patch it all and use a decent password.
None of these are expensive, but they all lift anyone out of the realms of easy targets.
In addition here are a couple more – Trust no one and be paranoid.

I don’t need a back up because it will never happen to me

If you think that your information on your digital device is not worth backing it up then ask yourself this question – if I lost my laptop, dropped my phone in the toilet or my tablet was stolen what information could I not live without.
That’s the information that needs to be backed up.
Backups are for any digital device that has your information on that is irreplaceable.
The bad guys have changed, we have not.
They’re are smarter, more persistent and definitely more brazen.   We have to adapt to their changes and make sure we are protecting ourselves, if we don’t no one else is
Roger Smith is the CEO of R & I ICT Consulting Services, Lecturer at ADFA (UNSW – Australian Centre of Cybersecurity), Amazon #1 selling author on Cybercrime, Presenter for the Business Security Intensive, author of the Digital Security Toolbox and Digital Security Framework.   Rapid Restart Appliance Creator.   He is a Speaker, Author, Teacher and Educator on cybercrime and how to protect yourself from the digital world. 

6 cybersecurity countermeasures your organisation needs right now

Modern organisations use and need access to today’s technology but understand little of the actual underlying systems.

This creates a huge problem for the cybersecurity of the organisation.

With due diligence to the fore you would think that implementing a cloud solution would be relatively easy, everyone is doing it and of course it will make the organisation more competitive.

But will it?

Today’s organisational technical environment are a hash of unrelated systems needed to fit a niche requirement, combined with the least available spend and with the best return available.

It is no wonder that inter operability becomes a huge problem when combined with the cybersecurity aspects of protecting the organisation.

Now tie that in with the business compliance requirement and you can see how big a problem business security becomes.

There are a number of strategic requirements that can be used to make the organisation more secure.

They are:

Education

Teach your children well, never mind the children, teach your staff an understanding of cybersecurity and securing your business. Your staff are usually the first line of defence and the last line of resistance.

They will see something happen, open an attachment, follow a malicious link and they need to be able to recognise what they have done and then do something about it.

Realise that they have gone to a malicious website and unplug the network card.

Technology

Invest in the best.

The newest operating systems and applications, the best firewall you can afford to buy, the most secure wireless and VPN system.

They are all important in protecting your organisation.

But, they all need to be updated and patched as required.

Data management

Who has access to what and what can they do with it. Where is it stored and have you got a backup of all critical data.

Those questions are all part of the risk management component of an organisation.

When it comes to risk and data always err on the best protection that you can afford.

User access

Restrict access to system.

Need to know, yes its an old saying but it still has currency in today’s world.

Make it a rule that no administration account has access to the internet or has an email account. These are the primary attack vectors for a cyber criminal.

Policies, procedures and processes

Build them and they will protect your organisation. There is a fine line between over restrictive and non existent.

All of the three P’s should be designed to support business functionality.

Back it up

No matter the expense, an investment in a backup strategy, a disaster recovery plan and a business continuity plan can mean the business will survive a silly mistake.

No matter the situation a decent strategy around recovery will save you every time.

Your organisation can come to a complete stop with one interaction with a dedicated bad guy. Make sure that you are not exposing your organisation to that problem

Everyone within the organisation has a requirement to look for the signs that depict a cyber attack.

Use them, educate them and make sure that everyone knows that the requirements are within their job purview.

Roger Smith is the CEO of R & I ICT Consulting Services, Lecturer at ADFA (UNSW – Australian Centre of Cybersecurity), Amazon #1 selling author on Cybercrime, Presenter for the Business Security Intensive, author of the Digital Security Toolbox and Digital Security Framework.   Rapid Restart Appliance Creator.   He is a Speaker, Author, Teacher and Educator on cybercrime and how to protect yourself from the digital world. 

Stopping Cyber Events, It’s all about focus

Until the people in charge, managers, board members realize that

  • cyber crime is not going away,
  • no one is immune and
  • protection is everyone’s problem but needs to be addressed from the management down

We will continue to have spectacular cyber events.

Spectacular cyber events that cross over from the internet into the real world.

Stop the blame game and focus on the solutions.

The solutions need not be expensive, but they have to be implemented.

They are your first line of defence.

In today’s social media driven world any mistakes will be highlighted, in some cases spectacularly.

People no longer keep they mouths shut.

They open their mouths for political gain, to score points, to settle old scores, for just plain vindictiveness or they are just being idiots.

The information will come out.

The information will come out whether you want it to or not.

I was told something a long time ago.

It was called the today tonight test.

and i think that it still applies today.   If i had made a mistake and someone put a TV camera and microphone in my face would I still be able to say that i acted in the best interests of what ever i am talking about.

If i could then OK, if not why not?

Armed with this piece of advice I have kept it in mind with everything that I have done since.

I think it is about time that government officials, politicians, board members and C level executives went back to applying the same principle.

If you stuffed up, admit it, take the bumps and bruises and get on with fixing the problem.

The Japanese attitude of fixing the problem not assign the blame is really important in today’s world.

The rain of cyber events

We are all still looking to assign the blame

In the last cyber attack (wannacry) the blame game has once again come to the fore.

  • Stop thinking that the cyber event will not happen – it will
  • Stop thinking that the cyber problem is going to go away – it will not
  • Stop thinking that investing in cyber event prevention is too expensive – it is not
  • For F!?k sake, Just stop

Today’s cyber criminal needs you to think that the operating system is fine even though it hasn’t been updated or patched in years.

Needs you to think that easy to remember passwords are not a problem.

Needs you to think that your staff are informed or trained enough to prevent a cyber event – they are not

Needs you to not invest in better security around everything digital.

Needs you to think that the whole cyber problem is an IT problem.

The cyber criminal is happy that you think that, because that is how they get in.   Once in, well we saw the repercussions on the weekend of the 12 May 2017.

Roger Smith is the CEO of R & I ICT Consulting Services, Lecturer at ADFA (UNSW – Australian Centre of Cybersecurity), Amazon #1 selling author on Cybercrime, Presenter for the Business Security Intensive, author of the Digital Security Toolbox and Digital Security Framework.   Rapid Restart Appliance Creator.   He is a Speaker, Author, Teacher and Educator on cybercrime and how to protect yourself from the digital world. 

Why Business Security is a specialised field

I am sorry, but if I hear another IT person or manager express that they do not know how they were target by malware when they have Anti Virus I am going to scream.

The issues and problems associated with Business Security needs to have a different and more refined and robust focus than normal IT.

They need to focus on what the bad guys are actually capable of.

Normal IT, in most organisations, have a primary focus of keeping the lights on, making things work and keeping it functional.

We have to stop thinking that Business Security is the realm of IT, because it is not.

Business Security is a whole of business process and HAS to be treated that way.

This is why you need a professional who is focused on the security component of an organisation.

Someone who can cross all of the areas of the business and get all levels involved in the process.   For small and medium business, this is an expense that few can afford.

The ways that a system and organisation can be compromised are numerous, and in most ways are practically invisible to small and medium sized organisations.

There are also numerous reasons that they are targeted, but automated systems are the primary contender.

The only reason they are targeted is that they are connected to the internet.

The bad guys need no other excuse than you have a digital device and it is connected to the internet.

In addition small and medium organisations do not have the three things that are vital to protecting the organisation:

  • Skills
  • Time
  • Money

Investing in these things are normally outside the purview of ordinary business.

Its not from want or trying.

Most want to be secure.

They just do not know how to get to that next level, and if they knew would not have the above resources to make it happen.

Cybersecurity / Business Security is a typical catch 22 situation.

Professional Business Security Support

You need to invest in the skills, time and money but do not have the skills, time and money within the organistion to be able to apply what you need.

This is why you need a framework.

A framework that is going to apply a progressive protection strategy around the business.

That framework can be any of the available frameworks but for small and medium business i think that mine would be a great place to start.

My framework puts technology, management, adaptability and compliance into a system where each additional components makes the organisation just that little bit more secure.

Try it here

In addition a managed Security Service Package is a great way to make your money, expertise and time go a lot further.

Most MSSP’s will look after all of those critical components of an organisation.

They have the skills to do it, they have the expertise to make it more secure than an untrained person and will definitely make your money go a lot further.

Roger Smith is the CEO of R & I ICT Consulting Services, Lecturer at ADFA (UNSW – Australian Centre of Cybersecurity), Amazon #1 selling author on Cybercrime, Presenter for the Business Security Intensive, author of the Digital Security Toolbox and Digital Security Framework.   Rapid Restart Appliance Creator.   He is a Speaker, Author, Teacher and Educator on cybercrime and how to protect yourself from the digital world. 

What are the riskiest network TCP / UDP ports and how do you secure them?

Vulnerabilities do not rest on TCP ports, they rest on services.

Any TCP port can be open but if there is no corresponding service using that port an attack on the port will most probably fail.

There are exceptions to this – TCP Port knocking and encryption allow a port to be open but will register as closed.

All hacking / malware attacks are targeted at those services and each of those services can have different applications behind them.

A little background – A Quick introduction to hacking.

Vulnerabilities are discovered and used in attacks based on a number of things:

  • application, – what is the application that is using the TCP port, Apache and IIS have different vulnerabilities and they both can be as unsafe or as safe as each other.   It depends on the attacker, defender, version and the installation process
  • version, – one version will be more secure that the previous one – In the labs we demonstrate a problem with VS-FTP version 2.3.4 it has a back door hard coded into the software.   Anyone who knows that can use it to compromise the server it is installed on.   By upgrading to 2.3.5. you remove the vulnerability and the back door.   With the introduction of IOT the main vector of attack are port 80 attacks and hard coded default usernames and passwords
  • installation process – the installation process for a number of applications have a default username and password.   If these are not changed then the system is vulnerable.   Tomcat and vnc are examples of known default usernames and passwords.
  • interaction within the application and the operating system. – there are a number of applications that are vulnerable when installed on a specific type of operating system.  Code red – targeted port 80 (HTTP) to attack the SQL components of a web server on port 1433 (MSSQL)

Fingerprinting and scanning

This is the process of finding out what application and services are behind the port.

It also tells us what version is running.

A simple NMap scan will deliver this information to anyone who knows how to use it.

A simple Nessus scan will reveal even more!

User rights and shell

A hacker needs 2 things to be dangerous.

He needs to have the authority – administrator (god) access and he needs to create a shell, something to run commands, scripts or applications in.

You can still do damage to a system if you have less than admin access but it is only to the application that is running – compromising tomcat will give me access to the web server component of a system.  There are ways to escalate the user from a service to the administrator.

If you do not have the ability to gain a shell then most attacks will not work.

In the world of penetration testing we can discover hundreds of vulnerabilities but only one or two or ten will enable me to compromise the system with both administrator access and a shell.

They are the only ones we report, resolve and remediation.

Hackers use Google and YouTube

Most hackers will find information on what they are targeting, how to do it and what they need to do through a basic search.

So with that all being said – here are the top 20 ports with their corresponding application. Insecure network services

TCP PortsPort numbers

  • 21. TCP – Ftp – file transfer protocol – one of the oldest ports on the internet and is used to transfer information from one system to another over a TCP connection.   Can be used in Command and Control of malware.
  • 23 – TCP – telnet – the most basic of shells, can be used to transfer commands and scripts from computer to computer.   Unencrypted and easily captured.
  • 25  TCP – SMTP – email servers – exchange, sendmail, and any system that has been designed to send email as part of its system requirement.
  • 69 – UDP – TFTP trivial file transfer protocol – used to update and transfer information from computers to routers.   Information can be intercepted because it is a UDP connection.
  • 80. TCP – HTTP – hyper text transfer protocol – Apache, iis
  • 143 – TCP – imap – mail protocol
  • 110 – TCP – pop3 – mail protocol
  • 443 – TCP – HTTPS secure hypertext transfer protocol
  • 53 – TCP/UDP -DNS domain name service – bind, windows
  • 8080 – TCP – tomcat  management –
  • 161 – TCP – SNMP –
  • 3389 – TCP – RDP – remote desktop protocol
  • 4444 – TCP/UDP – metasploit
  • 1433 – TCP – SQL
  • 137,138,139 – UDP – netbios
  • 1723 – TCP – VPN PPTP
  • 9100 – TCP Internet Printing
  • Gaming ports – inbound and outbound – some games install and connect to a web based server on a specific port based on the game.   The game allows an attacker to use the game as a platform to store and activate malware.

There is no way to secure individual ports and their applications except to make sure the application and operating system are up to date.

There are a number of ways to protect an organisation:

a second generation firewall / next generation firewall will inspect packets at the network, data and physical level as they enter and leave and compare that information to its database.

If an attack is indicated it will either stop it or move it to a sandbox.

The other ways are through logging, auditing and reporting.

Depending on the size of the organisation a SIEM maybe necessary, but a process of alerts is vital to catching the initial components of a breach.

Roger Smith is the CEO of R & I ICT Consulting Services, Lecturer at ADFA (UNSW – Australian Centre of Cybersecurity), Amazon #1 selling author on Cybercrime, Presenter for the Business Security Intensive, author of the Digital Security Toolbox and Digital Security Framework.   Rapid Restart Appliance Creator.   He is a Speaker, Author, Teacher and Educator on cybercrime and how to protect yourself from the digital world. 

Why do i need a Managed Security provider?

Why are we the weakest link in cybersecurity – we just don’t care!

The threats are NOT imaginary.

The threats are real!

The visibility of the wannacry attack actually highlights how vulnerable the world is with its reliance on all things digital

Zero day exploits and known vulnerabilities are available for every operating system, including IOT devices.

 Anything with a digital signature can be hacked.

Where it all breaks down is that in most cases there is a human who is attached to the device.

A human who has the ability to veto all security measures in their hurry to do something, anything with the device.

How often have we seen the “updates available” on our server, laptop, smart device or application and have been in too much of a hurry to apply them.

In most cases it would take 10 minutes out of our busy daily schedule, 10 minutes where we have to find something else to do – not screen related.

cybersecurity We are so busy that we cannot find that 10 minutes?

Most systems are now being designed to make it obvious, and will persistently tell us that we need to update.

What do we do?

We complain that we do not have enough time.   We are too busy.   We cannot stop for that brief space of time to increase our security.

The SMB patch for wannacry has been available since march, that is almost 8 weeks before the cryptovirus attack, but the impact was significant because we were too busy.

I thought that we had learned from the “code red” attack in the early 2000’s, that patching is a very important part of digital security, obviously not!

“Code Red” crippled the internet because of un patched SQL servers, the patch had been available for 3 months prior to the release of the virus.

Most of the problems with security in the digital world is US.

We are too focused on our tools to see the underlying features that have actually been put in place to protect us.

There is a quote I often use in my training “THERE IS NO PATCH FOR HUMAN STUPIDITY”

 We are the weakest link in cybersecurity, in the digital chain where we should be the strongest.

In most cases we are very stupid!

Roger Smith is the CEO of R & I ICT Consulting Services, Lecturer at ADFA (UNSW – Australian Centre of Cybersecurity), Amazon #1 selling author on Cybercrime, Presenter for the Business Security Intensive, author of the Digital Security Toolbox and Digital Security Framework.   Rapid Restart Appliance Creator.   He is a Speaker, Author, Teacher and Educator on cybercrime and how to protect yourself from the digital world.